Nerve Entrapment Syndromes

Definition

A medical condition in which nerves passing through confined spaces are pressed upon and disabled. The syndromes manifests with pain of the nerves or with loss of function in the nerves. Nerve Entrapment Syndromes occur when nerves sustain chronic injury usually from stressful or repeated trauma.

Causes

Repetitive stress and/or activities.

Risk Factors

Sitting incorrectly at the computer for long periods of time with poor wrist positioning, typing for long periods of time, using vibrating hand held tools that need to be gripped strongly, like shovels or hardware tools, playing an instrument, even crossing your legs for too long or carrying heavy shoulder purses can cause Nerve Entrapment Syndrome.

Symptoms

Symptoms include: Sensations of prickling, numbness, burning, or stabbing. Ignored symptoms can eventually cause extreme, unbearable pain. It could also lead to extremely rare symptoms like paralysis.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is based on matching the affected area to the areas supplied by the nerve. Injections can confirm the diagnosis and can help.

Treatment

An open MRI image guidance is used to inject anesthetic, steroid or anti-scarring materials at the various possible entrapment points. In some cases, injections such as these help relieve symptoms, but most often the injections serve to confirm the diagnosis and pinpoint the cause. To decompress the nerves, surgery can be performed on the affected area.

Prevention
  • Proper posture and correct positioning while on the computer is important. Taking frequent breaks will help.
  • Avoid carrying or wearing anything that will press against you too tight.
  • Stretch often for blood circulation.


Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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